Learn more about Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) Treatments
The use of stem cells as a proliferant in prolotherapy injections is typically reserved for cases in which hypertonic dextrose and PRP solutions have been ineffective. Stem cells have a unique ability to take the place and functions of other cells, essentially replacing them. Stem cell prolotherapy injections are used in the cases of degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis, where joint and bone degradation are a problem.
Mesenchymal stem cells are a type of adult stem cell that can become a variety of cell types including muscle cells, bone cells, and nerve cells. Prolotherapy makes use of autologous (your own) mesenchymal stems cells, to repair incompetent soft tissue structures. These type of stem cells can be acquired from the patient’s own bone marrow or adipose (fat) tissue.
Bone Marrow Stem Cells: This type of prolotherapy makes use of bone marrow stem cells (MSCs) for the proliferating solution. Bone marrow stem cells have the ability to restore bone, cartilage and other connective tissues and is used for a variety of medical procedures including spinal fusions. Stem cells contain a variety of signalling molecules including cytokines and growth factors that further stimulate healing.
Adipose Tissue Stem Cells: This type of prolotherapy injections are referred to as Lipoaspirate Prolotherapy. Adipose tissue (fat) derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the same regenerative effects on connective tissue as do stem cells from the bone marrow. The reserves for ADSCs, however, are much larger and can be readily isolated for therapeutic purposes. Stem cells have been found to repair connective tissues, including tendons and ligaments, muscle and nerve tissues.